Monthly Archives October 2009

Diamonds – King of the Gemstones

Diamonds are rightfully hailed as the king of the gemstones. Being the hardest material on earth, they represent the limit of the Mohs scale at 10. Diamonds are carbon, but with a different molecular arrangement, called allotropy. This slight difference in the molecule arrangement makes all the difference in the properties of diamond. There is no natural material that can scratch a diamond, so diamonds are used in many industrial tools as cutting materials. Rarely, impurities or defects in the molecular structure can alter a diamond’s color, turning them into black, blue, green, yellow, purple, orange, pink or red. These
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